I am generally glad of the popularity of this post, because it is consistent with the spirit of a forum like this one.
I initially stated that:
“The only way…to achieve…a socio-economic system, where people have equal opportunity… is to grow people up by adopting the free circulation of the ideas, by fruitful debates which give critic sense free from the capitalistic logic of profit, finally by being aware of what the aim of the human society is.”
I think that something like free circulation of the ideas, fruitful debates which give critic sense free from the capitalistic logic of profit, is having place here.
I believe that a forum like this should have a new section where ideas on how the communist system should and could work. In such a section these ideas can be criticised, discarded or improved.
Back to Scapigliato, I appreciate you further explanation.
In that case the experts would rule society and not the technology per se.
Anyhow, I just would like to step back to better introduce the reason why I talked about abolition of manual labour.
A society with an economic system at common production must get rid of wage-labour (or for what said before wage-work as well) and division of labour.
My suggestion is the abolition of manual labour and use of standardised intellectual performances (supervision).
This comes from the fact that intellectual work is standardisable and manual labour is not. Manual labour origins professions (mestieri); while, intellectual supervision even on different fields won’t create any profession.
Once we get rid of division of labour we need to get rid of wage-labour or wage-work.
“In the case of socialised production the money-capital is eliminated. Society distributes labour-power and means of production to the different branches of production. The producers may, for all it matters, receive paper vouchers entitling them to withdraw from the social supplies of consumer goods a quantity corresponding to their labour-time. These vouchers are not money. They do not circulate.”
(Marx, Capital Volume II, Part III: The Reproduction and Circulation of the Aggregate Social Capital.Chapter 18: Introduction, I. The Subject Investigated)
Therefore, these paper vouchers will be use to take the same amount of goods from the social supplies equivalent to the time of the supervising performance.
Only in a very advanced society, production of goods, administration of the goods produced, distribution of the goods produced and other sort of administrations can be done by means of standardised intellectual performances.
I see Scapigliato’s point that experts are required in such technological advanced society and that this would produce alienation.
First of all, the education level and therefore the use of potentials will be much higher than in the current society. This is due to the fact that a communist society requires knowledge of the whole nature (relationship between man and nature and man and man). All the people will have the same opportunities of using their potentials. Nowadays only a minority has the chance to develop their potentials.
In the middle age a person like you, Scapigliato, or I, or who else is reading this post, (talking about only knowledge), would have been considered a philosopher or anyway no average people (I am not referring to the ideas). Only few people had the opportunity to have a certain education. The technological progress consistently was slow.
Nowadays, many more people can study at a certain level and then the speed of the technological progress is higher and higher. Furthermore, technology helps us to increase the slope of innovation.
Secondly, people will not be passive workers and consumers in a communist society, but they ought to be involved actively in the production of goods. They need to know how the whole system works in order to supervise it.
Finally, a practical solution to the problem of unmanageability is to use devices which follow a basic functioning principle common to all the areas of production. To make it very simple they will be a bit like a “steering wheel” of a car, bus boat etc. The engines are different but the mean to supervise is the same.
"Abolition of the wages system!"