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    Strike in Greece, Huelga en Grecia, Grève en Grece

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    ElIndio

    Number of posts: 341
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    Strike in Greece, Huelga en Grecia, Grève en Grece

    Post  ElIndio on Wed Feb 24, 2010 3:32 pm



    ATHENS (Reuters) – Tens of thousands of strikers marched through Athens on Wednesday to protest against austerity plans aimed at wrenching Greece out of a debt crisis that has shaken the euro zone.

    The Socialist government meanwhile hit back at European criticism of Greece's fiscal management, accusing European Union partners of double standards and poor leadership.

    The 24-hour general strike grounded flights and disrupted services but stopped short of bringing Greece to a standstill. Scuffles broke out on the fringe of the protest, with police firing teargas to disperse groups of stone-throwing youths.

    "No sacrifices, the rich should pay for the crisis," demonstrators chanted as more than 20,000 marched on parliament in an otherwise peaceful protest.

    In a sign of persistent market jitters, Greece's borrowing costs rose on Wednesday after Czech Finance Minister Eduard Janota said Athens would find it impossible to slash its budget deficit as fast as promised.

    Deputy Prime Minister Theodoros Pangalos said Italy, France and Belgium had used the same techniques as Greece to mask their true deficits to qualify for the euro zone.

    "You simply put some amounts of money in the next year ... it is what everybody did and Greece did it to a lesser extent than Italy for example," Pangalos told BBC World Service radio.

    He said Germany was ill-placed to criticize Athens given its behavior during the Nazi occupation of Greece in World War Two, including the looting of central bank gold reserves.

    "EUROPE'S EYES ON US"

    The public and private sector unions, which together represent half of Greece's workforce of 5 million, want the government to scrap plans to freeze public wage, hike taxes and increase the retirement age.

    "Today, Europe's eyes are turned on us," said Yannis Panagopoulos, head of the private sector union GSEE.

    "We ask the government not to give in to the desires of the markets, to set people's needs as a priority and adopt a mix of economic and social policies that won't lead to recession but to jobs," he told the rally.

    Fitch Ratings on Tuesday downgraded the ratings of Greece's four largest banks, expecting fiscal tightening to weigh on the economy and loan demand, hurting profits.

    The strike coincided with a visit by EU officials assessing whether Greece is on track to cut its double-digit deficit. Greece's debt crisis has shaken the euro and sent peripheral bond and credit default swaps markets reeling.

    "The team of inspectors coming from the Commission, the ECB and the IMF ... will get a taste of the dynamic reaction of the Greek workers to the huge pressures from Brussels," center-left Eleftherotypia newspaper wrote in an editorial.

    Under the scrutiny of EU policymakers and markets, the government has so far refused to give in to protesters' demands. Finance Minister George Papaconstantinou said on Tuesday the cabinet may decide on more measures to cut the deficit after talks with the visiting EU officials.

    The first joint walkout by the two major labor federations was the biggest test to the government's resolve since it won October elections. Opinion polls show most Greeks support government efforts to shore up deteriorating public finances that have rattled markets and worried European Union partners.

    Workers and employers gave vastly different participation estimates. Government officials said only about 16 percent of public sector workers walked off the job, but public sector union ADEDY put participation at 90 percent.

    Most shops in the capital were open, some banks were closed and others empty, and the capital's chaotic traffic was quieter than usual. The Athens stock exchange operated normally.

    All but emergency flights to and from Greece were grounded, ships stayed tied up in dock, and ministries, schools and monuments such as the Athens Acropolis remained shut. Street protests failed to attract more than the usual numbers.

    In central Athens some said they saw no reason to strike.

    "I don't want to participate in the strike," 62-year old gas station owner Dimitris Makrivellios said. "Aren't people also responsible for this situation? Our economy's problems concern us all. Why should we strike?"

    Spanish workers unhappy about plans to raise the retirement age marched on Tuesday but the main protest in Madrid seemed relatively small in a sign that the country's unions may be weakening.

    Español

    Grecia se encontraba este miércoles casi totalmente paralizada por una huelga general que ha movilizado a decenas de miles de manifestantes contra los recortes adoptados por el gobierno socialista para sacar al país de una crisis financiera y presupuestaria sin precedentes.

    Las grandes centrales sindicales reunieron en Atenas a cerca de 30.000 manifestantes, según la policía, que desfilaron por el centro de la capital.

    Cuando la manifestación finalizaba en la plaza de Sintagma, unos 300 jóvenes, según la policía, empezaron a lanzar piedras y cócteles molotov contra la fuerzas antidisturbios, que respondieron con gases lacrimógenos. Dos fotógrafos de prensa resultaron ligeramente heridos y la policía detuvo a varios manifestantes.

    Otras protestas tuvieron lugar en las grandes ciudades de Grecia, como en Salónica (norte), donde desfilaron sin incidentes unas 7.000 personas, según fuentes policiales.

    "Tasas para los ricos", "Huelga contra los especuladores" y "los hombres y sus necesidades están por encima de los mercados y de los beneficios", indicaban las pancartas de la manifestación en la capital organizada por la Confederación General de Trabajadores Griegos (GSEE, un millón de afiliados) y por la Federación de funcionarios Adedy (300.000 miembros).

    El frente sindical del partido comunista ultra ortodoxo (PAME), que llamó a manifestaciones separadas de las demás centrales, reunió en Atenas a unos 15.000 militantes, según la policía. "Ningún sacrificio por la plutocracia", afirmaban las papeletas de propaganda distribuidas en la calle por los comunistas, que llevaban pancartas en las que se podía leer "no más" en referencia al rechazo a nuevas medidas de rigor presupuestario.

    El secretario general de la Confederación Europea de Sindicatos (CES), John Monks, asistió a la manifestación del GSEE, y declaró a la AFP que "Europa tiene que trabajar mejor para ayudar a Grecia (...), los griegos quiere ver que Europa les ayuda". Hasta ahora, "los Europeos amenazan y no ayudan, lo cual puede provocar un sentimiento antieuropeo en Grecia", añadió.

    Desde medianoche, los transportes aéreos y marítimos estaban paralizados, al igual que casi todos los servicios ferroviarios.

    La huelga provocó el cierre de escuelas, administraciones y tribunales, mientras bancos, hospitales y grandes empresas del sector público funcionaban a ritmo reducido.

    El país también está privado de toda información de radios, televisiones y diarios debido a la participación en el movimiento del sindicato de periodistas, que decidió sancionar a sus miembros si no participaban en la huelga.

    Según la GSEE, la huelga fue seguida por el 100% de los trabajadores en algunos sectores, y por el 70% en la industria y la banca. Pero según el presidente de la Cámara de las pequeñas y medianas empresas, el seguimiento de la huelga en este sector no superaba el 10%.

    El movimiento surgió de la poderosa GSEE contra las medidas de propuestas por el gobierno para cortar drásticamente el inmenso déficit del país, y en particular contra el aumento de la edad de la jubilación a 63 años y medio de promedio (dos años más que actualmente).

    A pesar de esta movilización, los sondeos revelan un apoyo de más de seis griegos de cada diez a las medidas de austeridad. Según los resultados de la última encuesta, publicados el domingo, el 75% de los griegos desean que exista paz social hasta que se solucione la crisis.

    Français

    ATHENES (AFP) - La Grèce était presque totalement paralysée mercredi par une grève nationale à l'appel des syndicats qui ont mobilisé des dizaines de milliers de manifestants contre les mesures de rigueur décidées par le gouvernement pour faire face à la crise financière.

    Les grandes centrales syndicales ont réuni à Athènes près de 30.000 manifestants selon la police, qui ont défilé dans le centre de la capitale portant des banderoles rejetant la cure de rigueur décidée par le gouvernement socialiste pour remettre le pays sur la voie du redressement économique.

    Alors que la manifestation prenait fin sur la place de Syntagma, quelque 300 jeunes, selon la police, ont attaqué à coups de pierres et de cocktails molotov les forces anti-émeutes, qui ont répondu en lançant des gaz lacrymogènes.

    Deux photographes de presse ont été légèrement blessés et la police a procédé à plusieurs interpellations.

    D'autres manifestations ont eu lieu dans les grandes villes de Grèce, notamment à Salonique (nord), où près de 7.000 personnes ont défilé dans le calme, selon une source policière.

    "Taxer les riches", "Grève contre les spéculateurs" et "Les hommes et leurs besoins sont au-dessus des marchés et des profits", indiquaient des pancartes placées le long de la manifestation dans la capitale organisée par la Confédération générale des travailleurs grecs (GSEE, 1 million d'adhérents) et par la Fédération des fonctionnaires Adedy (300.000 membres).

    Le Front de lutte syndical (PAME), émanation de l'ultra-orthodoxe parti communiste (KKE), qui avait appelé ses membres à manifester séparément, a réuni 15.000 militants à Athènes, selon la police.

    "Aucun sacrifice pour la ploutocratie", affirmaient des tracts distribués dans la rue par les communistes, qui portaient des banderoles sur lesquelles était inscrit "pas plus", en référence au refus de mesures d'austérité supplémentaires.

    Présent au rassemblement de la GSEE, le secrétaire général de la Confédération européenne des syndicats (CES), John Monks, a déclaré à l'AFP que "L'Europe doit travailler mieux pour aider la Grèce (...), les Grecs veulent voir l'Europe les aider". Pour le moment "les Européens menacent et n'aident pas et cela peut entraîner à un esprit anti-européen chez les Grecs", a-t-il estimé.

    Les transports aériens et maritimes étaient à l'arrêt, tandis que les dessertes ferroviaires étaient pratiquement toutes interrompues.

    La grève a entraîné la fermeture des écoles, administrations et tribunaux ainsi que des musées et sites archéologiques, tandis que banques, hôpitaux et entreprises du secteur public fonctionnaient au ralenti.

    Le pays était également privé de radios et télévisions en raison du ralliement du syndicat des journalistes. Les journaux ne devaient pas paraître jeudi.

    Selon la GSEE, la grève a été suivie à 100% dans plusieurs secteurs d'activité, à 70% dans l'industrie et dans les banques. Mais selon le président de la Chambre des petites et moyennes entreprises, la participation à la grève ne dépassait pas 10%.

    Le mouvement a été décidé par les syndicats après l'annonce par le gouvernement de mesures d'austérité destinées à réduire drastiquement le déficit abyssal du pays et qui prévoient notamment un gel des salaires et le recul de deux ans, à 63 ans et demi, de l'âge moyen du départ en retraite.

    Mais, malgré la mobilisation, "cette grève est plus symbolique qu'autre chose, sans réelle conséquence", a indiqué à l'AFP le politologue Georges Sefertzis.

    La grève est surtout "un message adressé au gouvernement" pour qu'il ne dépasse pas la ligne rouge concernant notamment l'âge de la retraite et une éventuelle remise en cause du 14e mois touché par les salariés grecs, a ajouté l'analyste proche du gouvernement.

    ElIndio

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    Re: Strike in Greece, Huelga en Grecia, Grève en Grece

    Post  ElIndio on Sat Feb 27, 2010 4:35 am

    General Strike in Greece, Clashes in Athens

    From Libcom.org





    The general strike in both private and public sectors has seen mass protest marches across the country and extended clashes in Athens with dozens of shops and banks destroyed and one man arrested.

    The first general strike as a response to the austerity measures in Greece has met with huge success as the country has been immobilised by the strike with no boats airplanes buses or trains moving within or from and into the country. The media strike which is part of the general strike means there are no news broadcasts or newspapers which limits the extent of our information gathering on the strike and its protest marches

    In Athens the protest march is expected to have gathered around 40,000 people and had a very dynamic character. The first incident occurred when a plain clothed policeman was stopped and beaten by protesters. Later riot police tries to side the numerous anarchist block but was deterred by large numbers of protesters. Before reaching Syntagma square several corporate shops and banks were smashed by protesters. In sytnagma square extended clashes between protesters and riot police forces unfolded with use of tear gas on the part of the cops and rocks and molotov cocktails by the protesters. During the clashes Giannis Bardakos, a member of a socialist opposition party DIKKI, was arrested. DIKKI has published a communique condemning the arrest and the "policy of occupation forces' imposed poverty and underdeveloped applied by the State of oppression and violence" adding that "anti-people's terrorism will not pass". The encircling methods of the police at the corner of Phillelinon street however failed, two workers who the cops had arrested were rescued and the two riot police squads were encircled by protesters and heavily beaten with many riot shield broken. The clashes continues across Panepistimiou street where the posh Zonars cafe was invaded by large numbers of enraged workers and teachers who smashed it. The protesters then moved towards the Polytechnic which is under occupation by students in response to the breach of campus asylum in Zografou a few days ago, with many shops across Patision avenue destroyed. The general feeling is one of great success with the forces of repression humiliated and the working class having proved its will to struggle against the state onslaught.

    The protest march in Salonica gathered around 5,000 people under rain. Despite small skirmishes no clashes ensued until protesters returning to the Universities moved to destroy car control medal bars at its entrance and came under police attack. The police with utter disregard to the constitution moved its forces into the university asylum and led the protesters to barricade themselves in the rectorial headquarters which are now under occupation in protest to the renewed breach of the asylum.

    Protest marches took place in many other towns with mass participation: in Heraklion Crete the marches numbers more than a thousands, while in Volos 500 marchers broke away from the march to break the security cordon of the METKA factory and hold an assembly in the premises.

    As far as the antifascist counterdemo planned for today afternoon in Amerikis Square, both the fascist gathering and the antifascist counterdemo were declared banned by the district attorney. As a result, antifascist marches were prevented to reach the square by strong riot police forces and marched instead in the streets of Kypseli chanting antiracist and proletarian solidarity slogans. The fascist scum never even appeared for their advertised bigotry stunt at the square.

    ElIndio

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    Re: Strike in Greece, Huelga en Grecia, Grève en Grece

    Post  ElIndio on Wed Mar 03, 2010 3:24 pm

    The "socialist" Greek government revealed today its package to face the huge public debt and deficit levels. It was saluted by the financial markets (the government wants to reassure them, yes those that speculate against the country like Goldman Sachs) and the European Union.
    It can be summarized, as far as I read, as follows :

    - the VAT is brought to 21 %, that is 2 point higher than now

    - increase of other taxes in the same essence (that is indirect taxes where workers and bourgeois pay the same amount, no matter how poor or rich they are) : + 20 % of alcohol tax, + 65 % of cigarette tax and of fuel taxes

    - freezing of workers pensions for both the public and the private sectors ;

    - salary cuts in the public sector

    A new general strike is called out for this month (don't have the date). It is very inspiring how workers respond in that country since the situation might spread elsewhere.

    Retired workers protested today and were, as always, faced by the police.




    Le gouvernement "socialiste" grecque a révélé aujourd'hui son projet d'austérité pour faire face à l'importante dette et déficit publics. Il a été salué par les marchés financiers (ceux que le gouvernement veut rassurer, oui les mêmes qui spéculent à son encontre comme Goldman Sachs) et l'Union Européenne.

    On peut le résumer comme suit :

    - augmentation de 2 pointsde la TVA, la ramenant à 21 %

    - augmentation d'autres taxes basées sur la même logique (c'est-à-dire les taxes indirectes avec lesquelles les prolos et les bourges paient le même montant, sans tenir compte du niveau de sa richesse) : + 20 % des taxes liées à l'alcohol, + 65 % des taxes sur les cigarettes et aussi de même pour les taxes sur l'essence

    gèle des retraites des travailleurs

    - baisse des salaires (13e et 14e mois)

    Un nouvel appel à la grève générale a été fait pour ce mois (je ne connais pas la date). C'est très motivant de voir les travailleurs de ce pays se battre, surtout qu'on sait que cette situation a beaucoup de chances de se répeter dans bien d'autres pays.

    Des retraités ont manifestés aujourd'hui en face des policiers, comme d'habitude fidèles au poste.




    El gobierno "socialista" griego presento hoy su programa de austeridad para limitar los importantes niveles de la deuda y del deficit publico. Este plan ha sido bien acogido por los mercados financieros (el gobierno preparo estas reformas para obtener la confianza de estos, si si los mismos que especulan contra el pais como Goldman Sachs) y la Union Europea.

    Podemos resumir el programa de la manera siguiente :

    - aumento de 2 puntos del IVA, llevandolo a 21 %

    - aumento de otros impuestos siguiendo la misma logica (es decir los impuestos indirectos que someten tanto los trabajadores como los burgueses a una misma imposicion, sin tener en cuenta la riqueza de los unos y de los otros) : + 20 % del impuesto sobre el alcol, + 65 % del impuesto sobre los cigarillos, aumento del impuesto sobre la gasolina

    - bloqueo del retiro de los trabajadores, tanto del sector publico como del sector privado

    - rebaja en los salarios del sector publico

    Se planea una nueva huelga general para este mes (no se en qué fecha). Es muy alentador ver como los trabajadores responden ya que la situacion local se reproducirà seguramente en otros paises.

    Trabajadores retirados han manifestado hoy, frente, como siempre, a los policias.

    dreamecho

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    Re: Strike in Greece, Huelga en Grecia, Grève en Grece

    Post  dreamecho on Fri Mar 05, 2010 7:21 am

    Greetings from Greece.Ill post a few words and a link with some videos of whats happening today 5 March 2010.
    While the general strike at 24 feb 2010 was not that much success full in my opinion , feelings are changing rapidly.
    The demontrstation that took place last night had at least twice as many people and was really dynamic.I am not yet sure
    of today's figures which should be smaller due to the fact of public transport strike however they were extremely dynamic
    from the majority of the crowd who collided with the police.The president of general union of workers who is active more like a fireman for people's demands than as a represantive of workers was offered by the protesters several cups of coffee and bottles of water and had to escape from the gathering.Police attacked against Manolis Glezos a well known and respected by all person of the left now 90 years old , who in his youth took down the Reigh's flag from Acropolis during WWII.You may see some video's at herebelow link

    http://gortynios.blogspot.com/2010/03/blog-post_9791.html

    ElIndio

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    Re: Strike in Greece, Huelga en Grecia, Grève en Grece

    Post  ElIndio on Fri Mar 05, 2010 3:04 pm

    Hi comrade, thank you for your post ! I strongly believe that what is going in Greece is extremely important and we must pay all of our attention, so your contributions are very important.

    Here in France, the news said that the union leader was attacked by "youngsters", that "youngsters" were violent... the usual rethoric making a link between violence and youth/activism.

    Nothing on the police brutality, even though they show the images.

    Below, I translate your post in Spanish, I also would like to include a link to an article from Libcom.org : Mass Strikes in Greece in response to new measures.




    Compas, aqui les presento la traduccion del post del compa griego dreamecho :

    Saludos desde Grecia. Les escribo unas breves palabras y les presento un enlance con videos de lo que paso hoy el 5 de marzo 2010.

    Aunque que la huelga general del 24 de febrero no fue realment un éxito, segun mi opinion, los sentimientos estan cambiano ràpiamente.

    La manifestacion de anoche tuvo por lo menos dos veces la misma cantidad de persones y fue muy dinàmica. Aùn no esto seguro de la cifra para hoy pero se supone que haya habido menos personas ya que hay huelga en los transportes pùblicos, aùn asi fue muy dinàmica ya que la majoria de la gente se enfrento con la policia.

    El presidente del sinicato general de los trabajadores, quien juega un papel de bombera limitando las demandas de la gente y no de representante de los trabajadores fue acogido con cafe y botellas de agua y tuvo que escaparse de la manifestacion. La policia ataco Manolis Glezos , una persona famosa y respectada de la izquierda con 90 años y que cuando joven habia quitado la bandera del Reich en la Acropolis durante la seguna guerra munial. Pueden ver videos en el siguiente enlace
    http://gortynios.blogspot.com/2010/03/blog-post_9791.html

    luxemburguista
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    castellano-italiano

    Post  luxemburguista on Sun Mar 14, 2010 2:51 pm

    Texto en castellano: Grecia: cerditos y anarquistas

    Texto en italiano:
    Grecia, anarchici e maialini
    SALUD


    _________________
    ¡SOCIALISMO O BARBARIE!
    Los Alternativos
    Les Alternatifs

    luxemburguista
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    Re: Strike in Greece, Huelga en Grecia, Grève en Grece

    Post  luxemburguista on Mon Mar 15, 2010 1:43 pm

    Texto de Guillermo Almeyra publicado en La Jornada:
    El ejemplo griego
    SALUD


    _________________
    ¡SOCIALISMO O BARBARIE!
    Los Alternativos
    Les Alternatifs

    ElIndio

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    Re: Strike in Greece, Huelga en Grecia, Grève en Grece

    Post  ElIndio on Mon Mar 15, 2010 6:28 pm

    Videos : http://current.com/e/92318003/en_US

    RJHall

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    Re: Strike in Greece, Huelga en Grecia, Grève en Grece

    Post  RJHall on Mon Mar 22, 2010 3:48 am

    I too think that what is going on in Greece is extremely important. However, I hope that the Greek trade unions and party leadership will stop trying to hold back the outbreaks of the Greek workers and people, trying to ensure that there is no real fight by seeking to "let off steam" by setting up mere demonstration strikes.

    Rosa Luxemburg several times in The Mass Strike, which I am now rereading, was a bit critical of mere "demonstration strikes". I have never gotten this striking image out of my mind:

    "On the basis of a decision of the party leadership and of party discipline, a single short demonstration may well be arranged similar to the Swedish mass strike, or to the latest Austrian strike, or even to the Hamburg mass strike of January 17. These demonstrations, however, differ from an actual period of revolutionary mass strikes in exactly the same way that the well-known demonstrations in foreign ports during a period of strained diplomatic relations differ from a naval war. A mass strike born of pure discipline and enthusiasm will, at best, merely play the role of an episode, of a symptom of the fighting mood of working class upon which, however, the conditions of a peaceful period are reflected."

    dreamecho

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    Re: Strike in Greece, Huelga en Grecia, Grève en Grece

    Post  dreamecho on Mon Mar 22, 2010 6:07 am

    Unfortunately almost all greek unions are controlled by the political parties and the majority of the general union comittee is under the control of the two major parties.The communist party has withdrawn from the general union, created its own (pame) and always refuses to cooperate with any other union.There is some unrest within the so called socialist(government socialist party) controlled unions which actually pressed the general union to perform a joint strike along with the union of civil servants as well as along with unions of first degree.Their intention was to
    organise it for a different day and maybe not even for a full day.Since then demonstrations have been organised during afternoon in order enable workers from the private sector participate and overcome the obstacle of the general union which refuses sofar to declare a strike.

      Current date/time is Thu Oct 30, 2014 5:00 pm